Glaucoma affects over 60 million folks worldwide and the 2nd leading cause of blindness behind cataracts. Both THC and marijuana have been confirmed to lower intra-ocular pressure, and that is an important contributor to glaucoma. On the list of most popular uses for medical marijuana is
Probably the most frequent type of glaucoma is referred to as major open angle glaucoma and presents a gradually progressive disorder that destroys cells in the retina and in addition degrades the optic nerve. A person’s visual field gets constricted and eventually disappears. The individual gets blind.
Three variables have been identified which often lead to risk factors for glaucoma. The very first 2 are from someone’s control = Race and Age. The 3rd, increased intra-ocular pressure, is the individual that is potentially controllable.
Intra-ocular pressure usually results from the eye contour being taken care of by fluid in aqueous humor was known as by the eye. The fluid flows between the front side of the eye along with the back of the cornea. If a person has increased intraocular pressure, the flow of material from the front side of the eye is restricted, therefore the pressure rises. It is the substance which is suspected to supply nutrients to the optic nerve.
Reducing intra ocular pressure to usual does not guarantee glaucoma prevention, but since it’s the only real controllable risk factor, it’s the person that’s worked on with medications.
The 2 ways in which medications focus on reducing intraocular pressure are as follows:
1) Decreasing the creation of aqueous fluid two) Which makes it easier for the substance to run from the face eye
There are furthermore a number of medical options which often attempt to accomplish similar aim.
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A number of scientific studies have revealed the problems of THC as well as marijuana on reducing intraocular pressure. Whether the THC is smoked, or eaten, inhaled, intraocular strain is lowered. Applying cannabinoids straight away to the eye did not do the job however.
Research has not shown us exactly how cannabinoids reduce IOP. They have reducing IOP for aproximatelly 4 hours. That means having to go four to 8 times each day, whereas, you can get various other medicines only necessary twice per day.
The negative effects of marijuana intake, for example the psychoactive effects, might possibly be tough for the elderly to tolerate. Marijuana may cause the center to “race” and make patients anxious. The IOP in patients with glaucoma needs to be manipulated continuously since it is a progressive disease.
With the coming of the most modern drugs which work well for curbing the IOP in glaucoma, marijuana is no longer a very first line therapy for managing it. It’s less effective and potentially far more difficult compared to the newest medicinal drugs. If, however, a patient needs a third or second line choice, marijuana may fit the necessity nicely.